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Bullmastiff - Breed Standard

Origin

Great Britain.

Date of publication of the official valid standard

13.10.2010

Utilization

Watchdog

FCI-Classification

Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer Molossoid breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
Section 2.1 Molossoid breeds, Mastiff Type. Without working trial.

Brief historical summary

The Bullmastiff evolved from the Old English Mastiff and the Bulldog. Primarily used as a guard dog and, in olden times, to help the gamekeeper in the apprehension of poachers. The Bullmastiff is intelligent and observant; he is totally reliable both physically and mentally and can quickly assess a situation. His bravery and courage and defending against intruders is legendary.

General appearance

Powerful build, symmetrical, showing great strength, but not cumbersome; sound and active.

Behaviour and temperament

Powerful; enduring, active and reliable. High-spirited, alert and faithful.

Head

Cranial region

Skull

Skull large and square, viewed from every angle, fair wrinkle when interested, but not when in repose. Broad and deep.

Stop

Pronounced

Facial region

Nose: Well opened nostrils. Nose broad with widely spreading nostrils; flat neither pointed nor turned up in profile.

Muzzle

Muzzle short; distance from tip of nose to stop approximately one - third of length from tip of nose to centre of occiput, broad under eyes and sustaining nearly same width to end of nose; blunt an cut off square, forming right angle with upper line of face, and at same time proportionate with skull.

Lips

Flews not pendulous, never hanging below level of lower jaw.

Jaws / Teeth

Under-jaw broad to end. Level (Pincer bite, edge to edge) desired but slightly undershot allowed but not preferred. Canine teeth large and set wide apart, other teeth strong, even and well placed.

Cheeks

Well filled.

Eyes

Dark or hazel, of medium size, set apart the width of muzzle with furrow between. Light or yellow eyes highly undesirable.

Ears

V-shaped, folded back, set on wide and high, level of occiput giving square appearance to skull which is most important. Small and deeper in colour than body. Point of ear level with eye when alert. Rose ears highly undesirable.

Neck

Well arched, moderate length, very muscular and almost equal to skull in circumference.

Body

Back

Short and straight, giving compact carriage, but not so short as to interfere with activity. Roach and sway backs highly undesirable.

Loin

Loins wide and muscular with fair depth of flank.

Chest

Chest, wide and deep, well let down between forelegs, with deep brisket.

Tail

Set high, strong at root and tapering, reaching to hocks, carried straight or curved, but not hound fashion. Crank tails highly undesirable.

Limbs

Forequarters

General appearance

Forelegs set wide apart, presenting a straight front.

Shoulder

Shoulders muscular, sloping and powerful, not overloaded.

Forearm

Forelegs powerful and straight, well boned.

Metacarpus (Pastern)

Pasterns straight and strong.

Forefeet

Well arched, cat-like, with rounded toes, pads hard. Dark toenails desirable. Splayed feet highly undesirable.

Hindquarters

General appearance

Hind legs strong and muscular.

Lowerthigh

Well developed lower thighs, denoting power and activity, not cumbersome.

Hock joint

Moderately bent. Cow hocks highly undesirable.

Hind feet

Well arched, cat - like, with rounded toes, pads hard. Dark toenails desirable. Splayed feet highly undesirable.

Gait / Movement

Movement indicates power and sense of purpose. When moving straight neither front nor hind legs should cross or plait, right front and left rear leg rising and falling at same time. A firm backline unimpaired by powerful thrust from hindlegs denoting a balanced and harmonious movement.

Coat

Hair

Short and hard, weather-resistant, lying flat to body. Long, silky or woolly coats highly undesirable.

Colour

Any shade of brindle, fawn or red; colour to be pure and clear. A slight white marking on chest permissible. Other white markings undesirable. Black muzzle essential, toning off towards eyes, with dark markings around eyes contributing to expression.

Size and weight

Height at the withers

Males: 64 - 69 cms
Females: 61 - 66 cms

Weight

Males: 50 - 59 kgs
Females: 41 -50 kgs

Faults

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degreeand its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Disqualifying faults

N.B.

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

The latest amendments are in bold characters.